About Us

Our mission at Bio-X Services, Inc. is to make medical-grade infection control obtainable for all entities by delivering the most efficient, cost-effective service in the fight against evolving disease-causing pathogens. We will utilize only the most environmentally conscious, eradication-leading technologies to drive our service evolution beyond the rate-of-change in pathogen morphology.

We all have a part to play in controlling infections in our homes, where children play and thrive, students learn, adults pursue success and the elderly find peace. Our responsibilities start with educating ourselves and those around us in what keeps the experts at the Centers of Disease Control and the World Health Organization up at night:

OVERVIEW ON CRITICAL PATHOGENS AND BIOFILMS

Virus vs Bacteria

A virus isn't a cell and doesn't have any cellular parts. A virus has no internal cellular structure, no cell wall, or cell membrane. Viruses consist only of a protein coat that holds a coiled string of nucleic acid. Viruses do not form spores.

Bacteria on the other hand are single celled (unicellular) organisms. Bacteria are "prokaryotic" cells meaning they do not have a cell nucleus. Bacteria consist of ribosomes, nucleoid (DNA strand), a cell wall, cytoplasm, and a flagella. Some bacteria can form spores.

A Few Critical Pathogens

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a gram positive bacteria that is resistant to many antibiotics. Most MRSA infections are skin infections, but also causes life threatening bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections. MRSA is easily killed by the our services.

Clostridium Difficile (C-Diff) - C-Diff is the major concern of healthcare professionals. C-Diff is a gram positive spore forming bacteria that resides in the intestines, and is in many cases, becoming multi drug resistant. C-Diff spores are highly resistant to heat and many disinfecting chemicals because of the hard, resistant keratin outer covering that is formed. C-Diff spores are killed by our services. Our services will oxidize and destroy the hard outer keratin covering of the spore and then subsequently lyse the pathogen's cell wall and destroy the DNA.

Norovirus - Intestinal based virus. Basically thought of as a cruise ship malady, however Norovirus has rapidly become a major concern for healthcare facilities because it is virulently contagious and has the potential to shut down an LTC facility. Norovirus is easily killed by our services.

Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci is a gram positive bacteria that has been linked to severe outbreaks of hospital (nosocomial) acquired infections around the world. Vancomycin is one of the third generation of antibiotics that is now under attack. Our services kill VRE's. Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a family of gram negative bacteria that are nearly immune to the carbapenem class of antibiotics, considered the "drug of last resort" for such infections. This new "superbug" will kill up to 50% of patients who get a blood stream infection or develop CRE sepsis, a rate much higher than other resistant infections such as MRSA or C-Diff. CRE's do not form spores. Our services will kill CRE's.

Acinetobacter Baumannii (AB) is a gram negative bacteria that is derived from the soil and the environment and was initially discovered in wounded soldiers coming back from Iraq. Some strains have become multi drug resistant (MDR) and are a major concern for health care professionals. AB is highly contagious, but does not form spores. Our services will kill AB.

Mold Spores - Mold is a fungi. Our services kills mold spores, which are not nearly as hard to kill as bacterial spore forming organisms. Many remediation companies use our services at the end of all their mold or water damage projects to insure there are no residual molds spores.














Infection Control Specialists
anti-biotic resistance chart
DESCENDING ORDER OF MICROORGANISM
RESISTANCE TO DISINFECTION
BACTERIAL SPORES (MOST DIFFICULT TO ERRATICATE)
Bacillus subtilis, Clostridium Difficile
MYCOBACTERIA
Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis, nontuberculous mycobacteria
NONLIPID OR SMALL VIRUSES
Poliovirus, Coxsackievirus, Rhinovirus
FUNGI
BTrichophyton spp., Cryptococcus spp., Candida spp.
VEGETATIVE BACTERIA
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella choleraesuis, Enterococci
LIPID OR MEDIUM-SIZE VIRUSES (EASIEST TO IRRADICATE)
Herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hantavirus, Ebola virus

Extended Spectrum B - Lactamase (ESBL) - is an enzyme that can infect certain bacteria, which then promotes resistance to extended spectrum third generation antibiotics up to and including carbapenems. This trend is serious, as the most dangerous of these enzymes, New Delhi Metallo B-Lactamase (NDM-1) can create an organism resistant to all antibiotics to include carbapenems, which is the antibiotic of last resort. ESBL's can be tested for and must be controlled. Our services kill bacteria that have the ESBL enzymes. ESBL organisms have no special resistance to our services.

Gram Positive vs Gram Negative Bacteria - Danish scientist Hans Christian Gram devised a method to differentiate two types of bacteria based on the structural differences in their cell walls. In his test, bacteria that retain the crystal violet dye do so because of a thick layer of peptidoglycan and are called Gram-positive bacteria. In contrast, Gram-negative bacteria do not retain the violet dye and are colored red or pink. Compared with Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria are more resistant against antibodies because of their impenetrable cell wall.

Biofilms - Are clusters of microorganisms that bond together out of a host under a viscous polysaccharide covering that protects the cluster and attracts food sources. our services will defeat biofilms by oxidizing the polysaccharide bonds, which then allows the pathogens under the biofilm to be destroyed. ESBL organisms can form biofilms as well.

The Antibiotic Pipeline at the moment is basically empty with no new antibiotics on the horizon. Carbapenems are now the antibiotic of last resort. CRE's (see above) are now resistant to carbapenems resulting in a very scary situation when these pathogens are encountered.

Measles, Influenza and Mumps are lipid enveloped viruses which are the easiest class of pathogens to kill using our services.

  • Measles virus (aka rubella): causal virus of the highly contagious measles disease.
  • Influenza viruses: Types A, B, and C are responsible for producing 306 influenza viruses. Type A viruses have pandemic potential (H1N1-"Swine," H5N1 - "Avian"). The H3N2v strain is non-responsive to current vaccines. Some "A's" can live on surfaces for 6 days.
  • Mumps virus: causal agent of the highly contagious disease that can ultimately result in deafness. Virus is transmitted by direct contact, droplet spread, or contaminated objects.

Bordetella Pertussis is a gram negative bacteria that causes a highly contagious bacterial disease commonly called Whooping Cough. Our service kills Bordetella Pertussis.